Newsletter Resumen Latinoamericano (english) SEPTEMBER 27 2013

Newsletter

Resumen Latinoamericano

SEPTEMBER 27 2013

#29

Senior Publisher: Carlos Aznárez. A weekly newsletter information-denounce-solidarity on latin american and the third world. This newsletter every weeks will be appears free in your email. You can subscribe to his / her friends sending a message to resumenl@enet.cu, typing. «Subscribe». If you don’t want to receive it anymore, send a message: «unsubscribe» You can help us in this campaign re-sending it from your own email or printing and distributing it as possible profusely. Staff writer: María Torrellas, Graciela Ramírez, Javier Salado, Beatriz Morales

Index
 Berta and Norita: A key en-counter of resistance

 Paraguay: Sao Paulo Forum Analyzes Criminalization of Social Struggle

 FARC-EP welcomes the Na-tional Forum on the problem of illicit drugs

 Parliament condemns imperi-alist actions against Venezuela

 Maduro urges daily victory for the country’s independence

 Venezuela, Bolivia subscribe to people’s sovereignty defense

 AMERICA: THE MAD

 Fierce Clashes between Kurds and ISIL in Aleppo, UAE Emir Killed

 Assad: Our Enemies Are Confused, We Have Weapons That Can Paralyze Israel

 ’Israel’ Upset over Int’l Har-mony, Accuses Iran of ’Diverting Attention’

 The Two State Solution Died Over A Decade Ago

Order of Solidarity Delivered to Oscar López

Clarisa López Ramos received the El Mehdi Ben Barka Order of Solidarity on behalf of her father, who last May 29 reached 32 years of imprisonment in penitentiaries of the United States. “They will not be invisible”. Clarisa López Ramos’ resolute phrase is the commitment of a daughter to her father, of a Puer-to Rican fighter to her people’s political prisoners, of a Caribbe-an woman to the cause of the Five Cubans. On behalf of her father, Oscar López Rivera, who last May reached 32 years of impris nment in penitentiaries of the United States, she received the El Mehdi Ben Barka Order of Solidarity(…)

Raul Castro Attends 8th CDR Congress in Cuba

Cuban President Raul Castro attended the second day of the 8th Congress of Committees for the Defense of the Revolution (CDR) in Havana today. The event, which is being held at the international conference center, Palacio de Convenciones, began Thursday with delegates meeting in commissions to discuss issues such as the prevention of crime and illegalities in neighborhoods. Other issues on the agenda were the organization’s internal func-tioning and a statutes project.

The system in place

Imagine being confined to a small sliver of land, in plain view of a wider homeland that you cannot touch. Your house is in a ref-ugee camp, surrounded by fine red-roofed homes built by and for strangers who seized your territory without warning or per-mission. The strangers, perched on hills that make it possible for them to spy into your home, are protected by one of the world’s most powerful armies, with its tanks, rockets and helicopter gun-ships supplied by the top military power on earth. The soldiers tightly restrict your movements through your own territory. They subject your family to random searches at military posts along the road, where you are forced to submit your documents and sometimes to strip down to your underwear. At night, without warning, the army may enter your home and take your teen-aged children. In fact, they often do.

CELAC urges to eliminate nuclear weapons in the world

The Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) urged the countries of the world which have nuclear weapons to eliminate them in their doctrines, se-curity policies and military strategies, so as to move to-wards a process of peace. The statement was said Thurs-day by Cuban foreign minister Bruno Rodriguez at the 68th United Nations Assembly General, held in New York, United States. In addition, Rodriguez rejected the enhancement of existing nuclear weapons and demanded to ban nuclear tests of all kind. «Establishing areas free of nuclear weapons strengthens national and international peace and security, as well as the regime of non-proliferation, as an important contribution

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Clarisa López Ramos received the El Mehdi Ben Barka Order of Solidarity on behalf of her father, who last May 29 reached 32 years of imprisonment in penitentiaries of the United States.

Cuba/Puerto Rico

Order of Solidarity Delivered to Oscar López

Clarisa López Ramos received the El Mehdi Ben Barka Order of Solidarity on behalf of her father, who last May 29 reached 32 years of imprisonment in penitentiaries of the United States. “They will not be invisible”. Clarisa López Ramos’ resolute phrase is the commitment of a daughter to her father, of a Puerto Rican fighter to her people’s political prisoners, of a Caribbean woman to the cause of the Five Cubans. On behalf of her father, Oscar López Rivera, who last May reached 32 years of impris nment in penitentiaries of the United States, she received the El Mehdi Ben Barka Or-der of Solidarity, granted by agreement of the Secretariat of the Organization of Solidar ty with the Peoples of Asia, Africa and Latin America (OSPAAAL). Clarisa López Ramos read the message of thankfulness written by her father when he learned that he had been granted the Order. In this message he states that this decora-tion will contribute with solidarity to prevent his being considered an “invisible” man, alluding to the silences of the great media in these cases where there is an attempt to hide injustices. We will raise our voices until my father and the Five have returned, because they will not be invisible either, emphasized Clarisa in turn, bringing together the Puerto Rican fighters and Cubans Gerardo Hernández, Ramón Labañino, Antonio Guerrero and Fer-nando González. A warm, profound embrace of Cuban-Puerto Rican brotherhood sealed the moment when René González, Hero of the Republic of Cuba, delivered the Order to Clarisa López. Lourdes Cervantes, General Secretary of the OSPAAAL read the decision of the organ-ization stating the human qualities, events and life history of a man who is a paradigm for the fighters for the independence of their country and of this continent against im-perialism. The El Mehdi Ben Barka Order was established in 1986 by the OSPAAAL’s Executive Secretariat, and has been awarded up to the present to 23 outstanding personalities in the struggle for freedom, independence, against colonialism, in favor of peace and social ustice, among them Nelson Mandela, our Five Heroes and the Puerto Rican nationalist patriot Rafael Cancel Miranda. Present at the ceremony at José Martí Memorial and next to the Puerto Rican delegation to the Days of Solidarity with Puerto Rico – also made up by Elsa Santiago, wife of the Puerto Rican political prisoner Norberto González; Aleida Centeno, a leader of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party; Edwin González, head of the Puerto Rican Mission in Cuba, and presided over by Alejandro Torres, member of the Secretariat of the Hostos National Independentist Movement – were José Ramón Balaguer Cabrera, member of the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba and head of its International Relations Department; Ricardo Alarcón, advisor to the President of the

Councils of State and of Ministers of Cuba, and officials, leaders and guests of OSPAAAL, ICAP and the Cuban Peace Movement, accompanied by political represent-atives and diplomats from 14 other Third World countries. (Collaboration by Juana Carrasco Martín / Photograph by MEPLA September 18, 2013)

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When I had the chance to go to Río Blanco, I experienced with the Lenca community there the reasons why they defend the river and their territories, as part of their culture and their life.

Order of Solidarity Delivered to Oscar López

Honduras

Berta and Norita: A key encounter of resistance

by Claudia Korol
Friday, September 20, 2013 On September 20th Berta Cáceres, general co-ordinator of COPINH (the Civil Council of Popular and Indigenous Organizations of Hon-duras), along with her comrades Aureliano Mo-lina and Tomás Membreño, will receive the ver-dict in a trial in which the prosecutor is trying to send her to prison, accusing her for damages against the DESA company, in charge of the Agua Zarca hydroelectric project. It is one of several cases against Berta, motivated by the transnational companies who seek to privatize the sacred Gualcarque river, in a true act of judicial persecution with participation from the government of “the wolf,”* the Attor-ney General and the Honduran army. When I had the chance to go to Río Blanco, I experienced with the Lenca community there the reasons why they defend the river and their territories, as part of their culture and their life. That same day, at the headquarters where the company sits, I was received by an army official who spoke to us (in English, nonetheless), to explain to us that he was part of “Operation Freedom” and that as such his task was to guard the assets of the transnational companies located there. The headquarters for DESA-SINOHYDRO is essentially a military and police outpost, prepared to act against the Lenca people in the region. In this trial, Berta Cáceres could be sent to prison. I don’t know nor did I care to verify if the damages that the company says were done by the Lenca community that opposes its presence on that site are real. It doesn’t matter to me if the community caused them, if the company itself caused them or if they were caused by some of those who they bought off, like those who in the midst of the conflict went to sit down with the government to hand over the rivers and the communities who protect them. It doesn’t matter to me because I know perfectly that the destruction of that river, of its surroundings, of the people who live off of it, is an irreparable damage, a crime that nobody will punish, as long as those who benefited from the coup d’etat and the judges who follow the orders of capital and of the powerful govern. Berta Cáceres was not in the area when they claim the acts of destruction against the company took place. But that is not what matters to me. What matters is to say that yes, Berta is part of the Lenca people who defend – not just for their own sake – the place, the land, the waters, the energy that the transnational cor-porations seek to destroy and take over in order to obtain enormous profit.

It matters to me to say that yes, Berta is a woman of the people, a Lenca woman. A woman who is committed for life to the struggles for all of the rights of her community. A woman who knew to share in the revolutionary struggle of the Salvadoran people when it was necessary. A woman who has fiercely confronted the coup d’etat, the trans-national corporations and their armies. A woman who is part of the internationalist net-works of solidarity who defend peoples attacked by militarism and imperialism. A wom-an with feminist, libratory, anti-patriarchal consciousness. And precisely because of that, she is a free woman. Whether or not she goes to jail. Because she is a free woman, Berta can defend a river, the environment that surrounds it. Berta can also confront a violent man when he attacks the body of a woman. And she can cast aside those who in the name of a heroic virility create homophobic, lesbopho-bic, misogynist armies. Because she is a free woman, Berta knows how to love and be loved. All of this hurts and bothers the capitalist, colonial, patriarchal powers. Along with their servants of all types. That is why they want her contained, like the Gualcarque River. Restraining a river and detaining Berta are part of the colonial mission carried out by the courts of injustice and their prosecutor lackeys, like attack dogs for the company. To defend them and defend her is the responsibility of the community. It is our respon-sibility, as peoples who feel united with all struggles for emancipation. Free bodies. Free rivers. Free territories. Free peoples. All one territory. I write these lines as one of our Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo, Norita Cortiñas, is travel-ling to hug Berta, Tomás, Aureliano, the three comrades awaiting the court’s verdict. Norita knows about resistances and freedoms. She is our ambassador, that of the global south, in each appointment with life. Our 30,000 disappeared sisters and brothers travel with her. In her white scarf is the memory of our manifold resistance and rebelliousness. Norita and Berta know about pains. They know about prisons. They know about loss. They know about rage. They also know how to create new worlds where time seems to be interrupted. I am sure that in the hug of the two sisters on this journey… in that hug that they will share in the center of La Esperanza, in the heart of Honduras, our ancestors from all times, the care-takers of freedom, the defenders of life, will be present. Norita crossed the continent to say just a few words: Tomás, Aureliano, you are not alone!!! Berta, you are not alone!!!

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Because she is a free woman, Berta knows how to love and be loved.

Berta and Norita: A key encounter of resistance

Paraguay

Paraguay: Sao Paulo Forum Analyzes Criminalization of Social Struggle

Asuncion, Sep 27 (Prensa Latina) The Regional Southern Cone group that is part of the Sao Paulo Forum began a meeting here today with a panel that is discussing human rights and the criminalization of social struggle. The meeting, which gathers representatives of politi-cal parties, progressive and leftist movements in the sub-region, is being held in the Chamber of Deputies and includes presentations from Paraguayan peasant

leaders and human rights champions. The participants will listen to peasant leaders, who will provide information about the bloody peasant eviction that occurred in Curuguaty last year, and will analyze the death of 121 rural leaders in the nation from 1989 to 2013.

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Other issues on the agenda were the organization’s internal functioning and a statutes project.

Paraguay: Sao Paulo Forum Analyzes Criminalization of Social Struggle

Cuba

Raul Castro Attends 8th CDR Congress in Cuba

Havana, Sep 27 (Prensa Latina) Cuban President Raul Castro attended the second day of the 8th Con-gress of Committees for the Defense of the Revolu-tion (CDR) in Havana today. The event, which is being held at the international conference center, Palacio de Convenciones, began Thursday with delegates meeting in commissions to discuss issues such as the prevention of crime and illegalities in neighborhoods. Other issues on the agenda were the organization’s internal functioning and a statutes project. The national congress, which ends Saturday, is being attended by some 500 delegates and guests, as well as delegations from over a dozen countries. The CDRs were created on September 28, 1960, on the initiative of Fidel Castro as neighborhood organizations. The national organization’s structure is based on committees on the block, district, mu-nicipal, provincial, and national levels. Leading up to the congress, all committees nationwide took part in an assembly process to discuss and analyze the work accomplished since the last Congress, and it was pro-posed to strengthen the organization’s leadership. Along with President Raul Castro, Vice President Jose Ramón Machado Ventura was also attending the congress.

Colombia

FARC-EP welcomes the National Forum on the problem of il-licit drugs

The peace delegation of the FARC-EP welcomes the participants of the National Forum «Solution to the problem of illicit drugs», wishing you success, in the idea that its conclu-sions should provide important tools for discussion on this subject within the framework of the General Agree-ment of Havana, signed between the national government and our insur-gent organization to advance in the dialogues towards a stable and lasting peace for Colombia
Our intention, in incorporating this point in the Agenda, parts of an overall vision on the crisis of the Colombian capitalist model and its political regime, which have created the conditions for the so-called drug-trafficking to be a socioeconomic reality, in which vast sectors of the population participate by necessity. Different segments of transnational and oligarchic power adopt attitudes and make policies that have stimulated defor-

mations in our economy with its subsequent negative impact on the poorest part of soci-ety.
Our point of departure is to condemn drug trafficking and we participate in the active political battle aimed at unmasking the fallacies and contents of the so-called War on Drugs, as it’s called by the current U.S. policy, country that invented this media matrix aimed at giving its interventionist and imperialist strategies a new look.
According to our point of view, it is the development of the same old script according to which, in the past, the problem was the so-called war against communism, or the defense of the interests of United States’ citizens, as paltry excuses to unleash wars of subjuga-tion against weaker nations. Today, the fight against drug trafficking and terrorism from that part of the country that most consumes narcotic and uses terror as a weapon of domination, are excuses for the development of an imperialist, expansionist strategy, to achieve economic and military domination over the world.
With these old concerns, the policy of the U.S. military and its local subsidiaries is un-folded, and its development is complemented by the guidelines outlined in the strategy map of the Southern Command. And it is within this strategy that the Yankee Military Bases on our national territory have been created and now strengthened; it’s within this determination that the Southern Command laid its eyes on the military base of Palanquero, reinforcing it, arguing that they are developing an «old security and cooper-ation agreement with Colombia». It is within this strategy that the bases of Larandia and Tres Esquinas have been deployed, which are now conceived as Yankee bases, together with military points like Barrancón (Guaviare), Bahía Málaga, the Cartagena naval station, the Malambo air base or bases like Tolemaida and Apiay, among others.
We recall these data, considering that under the signature of a peace agreement, we must incorporate the issue of resolving the problem of illicit drugs inevitably linking it to inte-gral agrarian reform, but mostly and mainly, to the issue of respect for national sover-eignty.
The whole history of our concern to solve a social problem that has its roots in the en-demic misery imposed by the regime, forces us to emphatically reject the perverse inten-tion of some media to reduce the issue that is being discussed today, to the idea that this is a matter in which the responsibility of its creation and continuation corresponds to the guerrillas, creating the misconception that it is in our hands to solve such a complex phe-nomenon whose causes, as we have stated before, are to be found in poverty, inequality and exclusion imposed by the ruling classes to the majorities.
To discharge the main force of the combat on the weakest link, located in the poorest regions of underdeveloped countries, and against peasants who have had to resort to such crops by physical absence of economic alternatives, is not only a mistake and injus-tice of the size of the Mariannes Abyss in the Pacific, but a true act of cynicism and hypoc-risy of countries, states, institutions and individuals who profit directly or indirectly from trafficking, but who, in an embarrassing way, try to show results attacking those who have the least responsibility in this business, generating true false positives.
The equitable distribution of land, equipped with road infrastructure, storage facilities, hospitals, schools, colleges and universities as well as an economic policy aimed at ensur-ing supportive prices, subsidies and grants, comprehensive and universal social security, technical and mechanical assistance are all measures, feasible and probable, that with the participation of the affected communities allow creating the necessary conditions for a solution that addresses the real causes.
Determining the origin and essence of the phenomenon that brings us together here is very important, if there really exists willpower to resolve it thoroughly. Let’s look at two central aspects of the problem:
First, drug-trafficking is a capitalist business as a whole, which produces more than 600 billion dollars a year in profit. Virtually all of this money is laundered through the global financial system and organically linked to economic circuits, knowing its origin. More than 95% of these earnings are for the imperialist financial centers, mainly in the United

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We recall these data, considering that under the signature of a peace agreement, we must incorporate the issue of resolving the problem of illicit drugs inevitably linking it to integral agrarian reform, but mostly and mainly, to the issue of respect for national sovereignty.

FARC-EP welcomes the National Forum on the problem of illicit drugs

States, and the remaining 5% is basically appropriated by business, banking and invest-ment companies, created by drug-traffickers in partnership with entrepreneurs and tradi-tional politicians that serve as proxies.
Second, the drug-trafficking, based on transformation of natural plants into psychoactive drugs is a business that works in stages or levels, ranging from the cultivation of raw ma-terials, through processing and transport to marketing and distribution in the consump-tion centers of the developed countries, which is also where, in economic terms, the goods are made, and it is with this capital that the process starts again.This is the drug-trafficking that is being fought against, and not the mega-industry of synthetic drugs.
Why don’t we observe the peculiar and relevant fact that the elite, coming from the high-est levels of financial capital, when they are making their policies of national security or-ganizations, they also connect them with international drug cartels, which extract annual-ly 8,000 tons of opium in U.S. war zones, and wash 500 billion dollars using transnation-al banks, half of which are located in the U.S.? Only with common sense we could find the best solution to this problem.let’s hope that such quality can still be found even in those stratospheric circles of society, to which the Colombian elites serve.
On behalf of the FARC-EP, we ratify our clear willingness to move forward in the peace talks, on the route of changes, reforms to the economic and political structures that are the roots of the Colombian conflict. This is a principle that is signed by the parties in the preamble of the General Agreement, which guides the discussions and clearly calls for the participation of all Colombians without distinction in building what may become a true Peace Treaty for our country.
PEACE DELEGATION FARC-EP

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Likewise, Vivas condemned that those plans envisaged the possibility of committing murder against Venezuela’s constitutional president Nicolas Maduro and National Assembly chairperson Diosdado Cabello.

FARC-EP welcomes the National Forum on the problem of illicit drugs

Venezuela

Parliament condemns imperialist actions against Venezuela

Caracas, 27 Sep. AVN.- The Natio-nal Assembly condemns the actions planned from the United States with the aim of destabilizing Venezuela, said first vice-president of the legis-lative body, Dario Vivas.
«We condemn and reject those guidelines established by imperial-ism, which seek to subdue nations and is disrespectful to the interna-tional law and sovereignty of each country,» said the Deputy at a special session of parliament in Aves island, northern Ven-ezuela.
Likewise, Vivas condemned that those plans envisaged the possibility of committing mur-der against Venezuela’s constitutional president Nicolas Maduro and National Assembly chairperson Diosdado Cabello.
«A permanent conspiracy has been under way against Venezuela’s democratic stability,» said the spokesperson of parliament.
In the face of those destabilizing plans from Washington, he added, the Bolivarian Gov-ernment continues the guideline of peace to defend the country’s sovereignty.
«We think the political line carried out by the Government aims at guaranteeing peace and send a message of what we want: a world where imperial hegemony is finally fin-ished,» Vivas stressed.

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«Here I am receiving reports from Jorge Arreaza and taking decisions to make economy more dynamic and continue stabilizing it for the good of the country,» Maduro posted to Twitter early this morning.

Venezuela

Maduro urges daily victory for the country’s independence

Caracas, 25 Sep. AVN.- Vene-zuelan president Nicolas Ma-duro emphasized Tuesday the necessity of winning battles for the country’s independence and prosperity.
«We must win the battle for independence and national prosperity every day by having faith in our Homeland and spirit of Victory!,» wrote the President in his Twitter profile @NicolasMaduro.
Also in the social network, president Maduro said he would be on Wednesday in Vene-zuela after an official visit to the People’s Republic of China, where he endorsed a series of cooperation agreements.
Maduro said he was «bound for our beloved Bolivarian Homeland. On Wednesday we have an intense agenda in the street with our people!»
Also, the President informed that he is going to report about «this historic visit to our sister China: Great achievements for our Venezuela.»
President Nicolas Maduro arrived in the country in the small hours of Wednesday and immediately met with Venezuelan vice-president Jorge Arreaza who gave reports to him.
«Here I am receiving reports from Jorge Arreaza and taking decisions to make economy more dynamic and continue stabilizing it for the good of the country,» Maduro posted to Twitter early this morning.
Among the agreements signed by China and Venezuela in several areas, there highlight new financing for the Joint Development Fund, a new joint venture to exploit Junin Field at Orinoco Oil Belt and the creation of a mining map in the South American coun-try.

Venezuela

Venezuela urges to eliminate interventionism against sovereign governments

Caracas, 27 Sep. AVN.- Venezuelan presi-dent Nicolas Maduro said last Thursday night that foreign minister Elias Jaua is going to state next Saturday before the 68th United Nations Assembly General that «it is unac-ceptable that empires in the world arm terro-rist armies to overthrow governments.»
«We are going to denounce it and we will become spokespeople of this denounce at all global scenarios. Interventionism that seeks to end with governments in the world must end,» Maduro said during a meeting with his Cabinet, at Miraflores Presidential Palace.
Venezuela’s foreign minister Elias Jaua proposed his counterparts of the Bolivarian Alli-ance for the People of Our America (ALBA) to discuss at UN the United States’ med-dling in domestic affairs of sovereign countries.
«The US empire has declared its exceptionalism to violate the international law by inter-vening communications of heads of State, public and private companies, banning permis-sions to overfly airspace of its territory and other aggressions to governments of the world,» Jaua said during a meeting of ALBA foreign ministers in New York, United States.

Jaua added that «they seek to determine which president stays or is ousted from power with that exceptionalism. We are seeing it now with the case Syria.»
President Nicolas Maduro said the United States Government has tried to threaten Ven-ezuela «but they will not make it because we have here the Bolivarian National Armed Force ready to guarantee security and stability in the country. If they intended so, our Armed Force would give them a conclusive response.»
During the 68th UN Assembly General, held in New York on September 23-27, the presidents of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay stood strong last Tuesday in the defense of peace and respect to national sovereignty.

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About the matter, President Maduro informed his Syrian counterpart Bashar al-Assad would make a commission «to bring Syria’s truth to Latin America,» over a chemical weapon attack in the Arab nation last August.

Venezuela urges to eliminate interventionism against sovereign governments

Venezuela

Venezuela, Bolivia subscribe to people’s sovereignty defense

Caracas, 27 Sep. AVN.- Bolivian president Evo Morales has been received by Venezue-la’s Nicolas Maduro at Miraflores Presiden-tial Palace, Caracas, to find mechanisms to defend people’s sovereignty and review bila-teral cooperation agreements.
Speaking to the media, the two presidents expressed their concern before the United States’ intention to intervene Syria militarily and continue ending with the life of thou-sands of innocent people with its bombings in the Middle East.
About the matter, President Maduro informed his Syrian counterpart Bashar al-Assad would make a commission «to bring Syria’s truth to Latin America,» over a chemical weapon attack in the Arab nation last August.
«Today I spoke on the phone with President Bashar al-Assad and he told me next week he would announce the visit of a high level commission that is going to bring to Latin America the truth over what happened in Syria. I told him it was a great idea and that they would be welcomed in Caracas,» said the Venezuelan President.
In addition, Maduro said investigations are underway to determine the cause of serious failure occurred in Venezuela’s presidential aircraft, manufactured by French company Airbus.
Venezuela’s presidential aircraft underwent a full maintenance service for five months, Maduro said, so there was not reason to present failures.
He claimed that international conservative groups may have been behind such event. «They knew I was going for a long trip to China, they were planning something. They think that taking Nicolas Maduro out of the road means the end of the Bolivarian Revo-lution. They do not know the Venezuelan people, Chavez’s people. They do not know our Bolivarian National Armed Force.»
Honoring the Supreme Commander
Bolivian president Evo Morales expressed his solidarity to the Venezuelan Government in the face of plans that would had been carried out against president Nicolas Maduro in the United States, during his participation at 68th United Nations General Assembly.
Also, president Morales emphasized the need for sister nations, organizations which de-fend human rights, social organizations and institutions which defend life and humanity organize a court from the people, «to mobilize and judge those who infringe the interna-tional law. Someone has to stop the intentions of the US empire which is constantly end-ing with thousands of lives.»
At the Venezuelan seat of government, Morales affirmed that sister nations of the world have the moral and ethic authority to defend people’s life, dignity and sovereignty.
This encounter with the Venezuelan President serves as homage to socialist leader Hugo

Chavez, said the Bolivian President.
«Listening to you is like listening to Chavez’s voice. He continues accompanying us, as always,» Morales said to Maduro.
In turn, the Venezuelan President remarked that the Latin American Revolution of the 21st century was possible thanks to the historic fraternity and continuity between com-manders Fidel Castro and Hugo Chavez, «the two commanders of this Revolution.»
President Maduro said his Administration is going to continue strengthening the revolu-tionary and bolivarian project started in the country by Hugo Chavez.
«While I’m here, dear brother Evo, Chavez is here, and while we are here Chavez is here, the Venezuelan people are here. Welcome to your home, the presidential house of the Venezuelan people rescued by Hugo Chavez, Miraflores Palace,» he added.

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The Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) urged the countries of the world which have nuclear weapons to eliminate them in their doctrines, security policies and military strategies, so as to move towards a process of peace.

Venezuela, Bolivia subscribe to people’s sovereignty defense

Latin America

CELAC urges to eliminate nuclear weapons in the world

Caracas, 26 Sep. AVN.- The Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) urged the countries of the world which have nuclear weapons to eliminate them in their doctrines, security policies and military strategies, so as to move towards a process of peace.
The statement was said Thursday by Cuban foreign minister Bruno Rodriguez at the 68th United Nations Assembly General, held in New York, United States.
In addition, Rodriguez rejected the enhancement of existing nuclear weapons and de-manded to ban nuclear tests of all kind.
«Establishing areas free of nuclear weapons strengthens national and international peace and security, as well as the regime of non-proliferation, as an important contribution to achieve nuclear disarmament,» he stressed.
It is of interest for States that do not have nuclear weapons, among them CELAC mem-bers, the elimination of these kind of instruments which do not contribute to a process of peace worldwide, Rodriguez added.
Furthermore, he said Latin America and the Caribbean are proud of being the first densely populated region of the world declared as nuclear-weapons-free zone.
«Creating a zone in the region of Latin America and the Caribbean has aided disarma-ment and nuclear non-proliferation, as well as regional and global peace and security.»
Cuba’s foreign minister deplored that some countries have failed to meet the nuclear non-proliferation treaty.
«We urge on States that possess nuclear weapons to meet their commitments on the basis of article 6 of the nuclear non-proliferation treaty and progress to the total elimina-tion of those weapons,» he said.

Bruno Rodriguez also urged nuclear power countries to withdraw Interpretative Declara-tions to protocols 1 and 2 of the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean, also known as the Tlatelolco Treaty.
According to him, such declarations «represent real banned reserves in the document, contributing to eliminate the possibility of using nuclear weapons against countries of

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After the 2008 Great Recession, jobs have been hard to find; good-paying jobs even harder.

CELAC urges to eliminate nuclear weapons in the world

USA

AMERICA: THE MAD

By Mumia Abu-Jamal
Here we are, once again.
It surprises no one, and seems as expected as sea-sonal change.
‘A massacre’ “Oh – only 12 dead? Thirteen with the shooter?’ ‘Uh-huh… Have you seen the leaves change color yet?”
We turn our minds to other things, and soon, we quietly shut the door behind us.
‘What a shame’, we mumble, as we move on.
Mental distress is not solely an American malady; it is a human one.
And yet, as life becomes harder; as survival becomes more challenging, minds will in-creasingly shatter under the strain, and violence becomes the yell, breaking the glass of isolation – even if it also brings death.
After the 2008 Great Recession, jobs have been hard to find; good-paying jobs even harder.
In America, a man without a job isn’t really a man. He can offer neither security nor support for a woman. He cannot build a loving nest of family.
He is a loner, outside of the warmth and purpose of life.
Is it maddening? Does it drive some men over the brink?
Yes. It is a scream from the psyche that can only be resolved by death.
I said it before – I’ll say it once more: It ain’t over. The politics of this era is insuffi-cient to solve this problem.
In a few more days perhaps a week, or a month, the horror will fade, and business as usual prevails.
This is a nutty country.
It’ll only get nuttier.

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The Syrian Opposition Observatory announced that the militants who belong to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) fractured the Cross of a Roman Catholic church in the city of Raqaa.

Syria

Fierce Clashes between Kurds and ISIL in Aleppo, UAE Emir Killed

The opposition UK-based Syrian Ob-servatory reported fierce clashes took place Wednesday evening between the Kurdish People’s Protection Units and militants of the so-called Islamic State in Iraq and Levant in the region sepa-rating between Jenderes in Aleppo countryside and the Atma area in rural Idlib province.
«An emir of ISIL was killed during clashes erupted in ‘Aleppo State’ hold-ing the Emirati nationality, amid con-tinued sporadic clashes,» the Observatory said.
ISIL gunmen have first attacked at dawn Tuesday two checkpoints for the Kurd People’s Protection Units, which provoked clashes between the two sides and left several casual-ties in ISIL ranks.
The Syrian Opposition Observatory announced that the militants who belong to the Is-lamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) fractured the Cross of a Roman Catholic church in the city of Raqaa.
The militants also erected ISIL flag on an Armenian church, which lies near al-Rashid Park, after descending the Cross.
Recently, fierce clashes erupted between the ISIL, Al-Qaeda-affiliated Al-Nusra Front terrorist group and the so-called free Syrian army in the wake of disputes on power and control sharing over areas not reclaimed so far by the Syrian army.
The Syrian national military launched a wide-scale military operation in May 2013 in the country’s main provinces to restore security and release citizens from terrorist threats.
Syria was hit by a violent unrest since mid-March 2011, where the Syrian government accuses foreign actors of orchestrating the conflict by supporting the militant opposition groups with arms and money.
Source: Websites

Syria

UN Security Council Passes Resolution on Syria

United Nations, Sep 28 (Prensa Latina) The UN Security Council has passed a resolution that establishes the destruction of Syria»s chemical weapons and recognizes the political solution to the conflict, but leaves the doors opened for implementing measures of force.
The 15 members of the UN Council approved the document on Friday evening, which calls for the prompt destruction of those weapons and states that any of the parties in conflict (the government and the insurgents) can use, pro-duce, buy, store, or the transfer them. The resolution is in accordance with June 2012 Geneva Communiqué, which refers to the establishment of a transitional government with full executive rights and the possibility of including members of the parties in conflict by consensus. The document is also in favour of holding a second international conference on Syria,

following the one held in Geneva in June 2012, in which participants are committed to achieve stability and reconciliation. As one of the final points of 23 included in the resolution, the UN Security Council de-cided that in case of violations of the resolution, measures will be imposed by virtue of Chapter 7 of the United Nations Charter.

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For that, don’t find strange any diplomatic, political and security escalation, it will be unrealistic, it is not more than a bubble or media war in a bid to retake initiative

UN Security Council Passes Resolution on Syria

Lebanese writer, Elie Shalhoub visited the Syrian leader and found out that Assad was calm and at ease with regard to the conditions his country has been witnessing nowadays.
In an article published by al-Akhabar daily, Shalhoub said that Assad had answers to many questions, “he deals with the strategies without ignoring the very details.”
President Assad “considers that the situation today is more than excellent,” Shalhoub said. He quoted the Syrian leader as saying: “they had tried at the beginning to portrait the bat-tle in Syria as a fight between the Sunni sect and some minorities, claiming that these mi-norities were dominating the country. But we could, through management, patience, toler-ance and betting on people to change this equation.”
Talking about Syria’s enemies, Assad said: “They are stressed. The failure they have ended in due to political and diplomatic confusion could prompt them to move in an unreasona-ble and hysterical way. For that, don’t find strange any diplomatic, political and security escalation, it will be unrealistic, it is not more than a bubble or media war in a bid to re-take initiative.”
Shalhoub reported that the Syrian president was satisfied by the US-Russia joint deal con-cerning destroying Damascus’ chemical weapons. He quoted Assad as saying: “We have 1000 ton of chemical weapons that we already con-sider a burden. Getting rid of this weapon costs a lot and takes years as it raises environ-mental challenges and problems. Let they come and take it (chemical weapon).”
“The chemical weapon is not and will not be their target. They wanted to change the bal-ance of powers in the region and to save Israel. But we turn the tables on them and threw the ball in their court so they were embraced,” Assad added according to Shalhoub.
Asked by the Lebanese writer whether it is a strategic loss for Syria to lose its chemical weapon, Assad said: “We had produced our chemical weapon, during the eighties of the last century, in a bid to deter Israel. However it is no more deterrent and today we have weapons that are more important and sophisticated through which we can paralyze Israel in seconds.”
Meanwhile, Assad noted that the US president Barack Obama “was not willing to carry out any military action against Syria, he was hesitant and fearful as he was waiting for who will find a way out for him (regarding this issue).”
“According to Assad, Obama is hesitant and stumbled. He is weaker than launching an attack against Syria. He didn’t lose only, he lost in his own home where he is no more able to maneuver within the equation of the internal American balance,” Shalhoub added.
On the other hand, regarding the relations with Russia, Assad said there are pledges made by Russia that its forces will interfere in case of any attack on Syria.
“The Russian forces will take the field and fight from the Syrian territories,” President Assad told Shalhoub.

Assad: Our Enemies Are Confused, We Have Weapons That Can Paralyze Israel

Syria

Talking about Iran and Hezbollah, Assad stressed that both Damascus and its allies are engaged in the battle under the name of one front, the resistance front.
He added that if Damascus was hit then Hezbollah and Iran would be the second target of the offensive.
“I am confident that the lord of fidelity (referring to Hezbollah Secretary General Sayyed Hasan Nasrallah) is able to contain the repercussions of any offensive against Syria…”
Assad stressed that the Zionist entity is not like before, noting that the Israeli enemy is fighting now by the hands of others. “Israel is prompting the US to launch a war in the region as it utilizing the “American Islam group” which is composed of Takfiris in order to fight us. These Takfiris are the direct enemy of Syria in the meantime,” the Syrian leader added.

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Yuval Steinitz, the head of the Zionist delegation at the UN General Assembly, accused Sheikh Rouhani was trying «to smile his way to the bomb.»

Assad: Our Enemies Are Confused, We Have Weapons That Can Paralyze Israel

Israel

’Israel’ Upset over Int’l Harmony, Accuses Iran of ’Diverting Attention’

The Zionist entity denounced on Thurs-day the call of Islamic Republic to acknowledge its nuclear weapons, accus-ing new Iranian President Sheikh Hasan Rouhani of diverting attention from the regime’s own nuclear work.
Rouhani, who is attending the United Nations General Assembly meetings in New York, called in his UN speech for the abolition of all nuclear weapons and urged the enemy entity to join the Non-Proliferation Treaty.
Yuval Steinitz, the head of the Zionist delegation at the UN General Assembly, accused Sheikh Rouhani was trying «to smile his way to the bomb.»
«The man is an expert with tricks,» Steinitz, the Zionist minister for strategic and intelli-gence affairs, told Agence France Presse while trying to express his entity’s future fears.
«Instead of saying that Iran will finally comply with the Security Council resolutions, it tries to shift attention to Israel,» he said.
«Israel is a very responsible country, a responsible democracy, that needs to survive and defend itself in one of the most difficult and hostile neighborhoods on the face of the earth,» the minister said, offering his argument while Palestinian people inside territories and in diaspora still commemorate his entity’s massacres in their occupied country.
Sheikh Rouhani is hoping for a deal to end biting sanctions imposed over Iran’s sensitive uranium work, urging the international community to recognize his state’s right to enrich uranium for peaceful purposes.
Israel is widely believed to have nuclear weapons but does not publicly acknowledge its arsenal and, unlike Iran, has not signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty that allows for in-ternational regulation.
Source: Agencies

Lybia

Welcome to the New Libya, a Country ‘Liberated’ by NATO: No Oil Revenues, No Security, No Water, No Electricity…

Welcome to the new Libya, a country ‘liberated’ by NATO which now finds itself without the oil revenues which could make it rich, with no security, no stability and assassinations and corruption at unprecendented levels.
Last Friday, the Economist magazine published a report about the implosion of Libya. My

attention was caught by the pictures that illustrated the piece – particularly one of some graffitti on the wall of a sea front cafe in the capital Tripoli. ‘The only way to Heaven is the way to the airport’ it read.
The joke is indicative of the troubled state of Libya nowadays following ‘liberation’ by NATO warplanes in the sky and the revolution on the ground which toppled the dicta-torial regime of Muammar al-Ghadaffi.
Recently I have met many peope who are visiting London from Libya and they tell sto-ries of life there which are hard to believe.
The capital Tripoli had no water or electricity for a whole week.
The armed militia dominate and rule the streets in the absence of a workable govern-ment, a national security establishment and basic municipal services.
Onoud Zanoussi, the 18 year-old daughter of Abdullah Zanoussi, the former chief of Ghadaffi’s security establishment, was kidnapped on her release from prison following seven months behind bars accused of entering her country illegally. She was abducted in front of the prison gates and the abductor was one of the guards!
Two years ago, the British and French business community sharpened their teeth and rubbed their hands with glee in anticipation of their share of Libyan reconstruction. Now there isn’t a single foreign businessman in Tripoli, all of them ran for their lives after the assasssination of the American Ambassador and attacks on several foreign Em-bassies and Consulates.
During the NATO bombardment, news from Libya dominated the front pages and was the first news item on every Western and Arabic television station. There was 24-hour coverage about the Libyan Liberation miracle and the great victory achieved by NATO and the revolutionaries. Nowadays it is very rare to find a Western reporter there and even more rare to read a decent report about Libya and what is really going on there.
Oil was the main objective and the real reason for the NATO intervention; but oil producation has all but ceased due to a strike by security guards on the oil fields and ex-port terminal. The ostensible reason for this strike is the demand for a pay rise but there is another, equally powerful, motive – they are protesting the demands of various sepa-ratist movements who are calling for self-rule for oil-rich Barca (Cyrenaica) with its capi-tal in Benghazi. Most of Libya’s oil reserves are situated here.
Rather than the local or national government, a militia is in control of most of the oil fields and the export terminal; it has started to sell huge amounts of oil on the black mar-ket and is trying to expand these activities leading Ali Zidan, the Prime Minister, to threaten to bomb any unauthorized oil tanker going anywhere near these sites.
The irony is that the same thing is happening now in Eastern Syria where the militia and local tribes are in control of the oil fields in Deir Al-Zour, refining the oil themselves by hand and selling it on illegally. The same thing is still happening in the south of Iraq.
Iraq and Libya, of course, have ‘benefitted’ from Western intervention and Britain and France have been proud to repeat what the mother of the West (the US) used to say about Iraq; first in Libya and now – of negotiations fail – in Syria. That is: intervention will bestow great sophistication on the affected country which will immediately become a model of prosperity and stability and lead the way for other Arab countries, which are ruled by dictators, to invite and welcome military intervention. In fact, this model has produced the worst kind of anarchy, failed security, political collapse and disintegration of the state.
Chaos rules in Libya. The assassination of politicians and journalists has become normal news in today’s Libya to the extent that Colonel Yussef Ali al-Asseifar – who was charged with investigating a rash of assassinations and arresting the people behind it – was himself assasinated on the 29 August when men from an unidentified group put a bomb under his car.
On the anniversary of 9/11 last week, a huge bomb ripped through the Foreign Ministry building in Benghazi.
Human Rights Watch has highlighted another atrocity in Tripoli on August 26, 2013, at the Main Corrections and Rehabilitation Institution, known by its former name al-

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During the NATO bombardment, news from Libya dominated the front pages and was the first news item on every Western and Arabic television station.

Welcome to the New Libya, a Country ‘Liberated’ by NATO: No Oil Revenues, No Security, No Water, No Electricity…

Roueimy, where around 500 detainees, including five women, were being held. The pris-oners were on hunger strike to protest the fact that were detained without charge and in the absence of a fair trial. Unable to produce its own security detail, the government called in the Supreme Security Committee – composed of former anti-Gadaffi militia-men – to put down the uprising. Militia forces stormed the prison and shot the prisoners with live ammunition, wounding 19 people.
The Prime Minister of Libya – Awadh al-Barassi resigned on 4 August and was replaced by Ali Zeidan. Then, on 18 August, the interior minister, Mohammed al-Sheikh, resigned after only three months in post. He cited lack of support from Ali Zeidan and the gov-ernment’s failure to deal with widespread unrest and violence, to gain the people’s trust, or to adequately fund state agencies to provide the most basic services.
Libya is simply disintegrating along tribal and geographical fault lines. Most of its people are in state of fury, including the Berbers in the south, and national reconciliation is a distant prospect.
Popular frustration is at its peak; yet when demonstrators took to the streets outside the barracks of the powerful ‘Libyan Shield Brigade’ to protest the unwarranted power of the militia, 31 people of their number were shot dead. The militia act completely outside the law.
Suleiman Kjam, a member of the parliamentarian committee for Energy, told a Blooms-berg reporter that the government is now spending its financial reserves after the pro-duction of oil dropped from 1.4 million barrels per day earlier this year to less than 160,000 bpd. He warned that if this situation continues, in the next few months, the gov-ernment will not be able to pay the salaries of its employees.
The Gadaffi regime – and we say this for the millionth time – was an opressive dictator-ship but Libya nowadays, with corruption at it peak and security non-existent, is difficult to understand or accept. Especially when we remember that Libya was liberated by the most sophisticated and advanced countries on the planet, according to Western criteria.
Mr Mohammad Abdel Azziz, the Libyan foreign minister, surprised many in the West and Arab world alike on 4 September when he objected to imminent US air strikes on Syria at a special meeting of the Arab League he was chairing to discuss possible inter-vention.
Maybe Mr Abdel Azziz, like many of his Libyan people, has formed his opinions as a result of the experiences of his own countrymen after Western military intervention
We hope that the people of other Arab countries, and particularly Syria, will learn from the Libyan example.
It is true that some suggest that this is a temporary state of affairs for Libya and that fol-lowing this transitionary period, stability will reign. They advise us to be patient.
We hope their prophecy will prove to be correct but remain extremely skeptical with Iraq and Afghanistan also before our eyes.

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Libya is simply disintegrating along tribal and geographical fault lines. Most of its people are in state of fury, including the Berbers in the south, and national reconciliation is a distant prospect.

Welcome to the New Libya, a Country ‘Liberated’ by NATO: No Oil Revenues, No Security, No Water, No Electricity…

Palestine

The Two State Solution Died Over A Decade Ago

By Ilan Pappe
September 15, 2013 «Information Clearing House – The recent attempt to revive the peace talks between Israel and the Palestinians is not likely to produce more mean-ingful results than that of any of the previous attempts. It comes 20 years after the Oslo Accords were signed between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organisa-tion.
The Oslo Accords were a twofold event. There was the Declaration of Principles (DoP) signed ceremoniously on the White House lawn on September 13, 1993; and there was the relatively less celebrated ‘Oslo II’ agreement signed in September 1995 in Taba,

Egypt, which outlined the implementation of the 1993 DoP, according to their Israeli interpretation.
The Israeli interpretation was that the Oslo Accords were merely an international as well as a Palestinian endorsement of the strategy the Israelis had formulated back in 1967 vis-à-vis the occupied territories. After the 1967 war, all the successive Israeli governments were determined to keep the West Bank as part of Israel. It was, for them, both the heart of the ancient homeland and a strategic asset that would prevent the bisection of the state into two should another war break out.
At the same time, the Israeli political elite did not wish to grant citizenship to the people living there, nor did they seriously contemplate their expulsion. They wanted to keep the area, but not the people. The first Palestinian uprising, however, proved the cost of the occupation, leading the international community to demand from Israel a clarification of its plans for the future of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. For Israel, Oslo was that clarification.
The Oslo Accords were not a peace plan for the Israelis; they were a solution to the par-adox that had long troubled Israel, of wanting the physical space without the people on it. This was the predicament of Zionism from the day of its inception: how to have the land without its native people in a world that no longer accepted more colonialism and ethnic cleansing.
The Oslo II accords provided the answer: the discourse of peace will be employed while creating facts on the ground that lead to the restricting of the native population to small spaces, while the rest is annexed to Israel.
In the Oslo II accords, the West Bank was divided into three areas. Only one of them, Area A, where Palestinians lived in densely populated areas, was not directly controlled by Israel. It was a non-homogeneous territory that constituted a mere three per cent of the West Bank in 1995, and it grew to 18 per cent by 2011. The Israelis granted that area autonomy and created the Palestinian National Authority to run it. The two other areas, Area C and Area B, were run directly by Israel in the case of the former, and allegedly jointly, but also directly in practice, in the latter.
Oslo was meant to allow the Israelis to perpetuate this matrix of partition and control for a very long period. The second Palestinian uprising of 2001 showed that the Palestin-ians were unwilling to accept it. The Israeli response was to search for yet another Oslo, which we can perhaps call Oslo III, that would again grant them international and Pales-tinian acceptance for the way they want to rule the occupied territories. That is, by grant-ing limited autonomy in densely populated Palestinian areas and full Israeli control over the rest of the territory. This would serve as a permanent solution in which that autono-my would eventually be termed ‘statehood’.
But something has changed in the Israeli view of Oslo since the year 2000. The political powers in Israel before 2000 were genuine, I believe, in their offer of Area C of the West Bank, and Gaza to the Palestinians for statehood. The political elite that took over in this century, however, while employing the discourse on two states, has established, without declaring it publicly, a one Israeli state in which Palestinians in the West Bank will be in the same secondary status as those living elsewhere inside Israel. They also found a spe-cial solution for the Gaza Strip: to ghettoise it.
The wish to maintain the status quo as a permanent reality became a full-blown Israeli strategy with the rise of Ariel Sharon to power in the early part of this century. The only hesitation he had was about the future of the Gaza Strip; and once he found the formula of ghettoising it, instead of ruling it directly, he felt no need to change the reality on the ground elsewhere in any dramatic way.
This strategy is based on the assumption that in the long run, the international communi-ty would grant Israel, if not legitimacy, than at least leniency toward its continued control over the West Bank. The Israeli politicians are aware that this strategy has isolated Israel in world public opinion, turning it into a pariah state in the eyes of civil society groups all over the globe. But, at the same time, they are also relieved to know that so far this glob-

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The Oslo Accords were not a peace plan for the Israelis; they were a solution to the paradox that had long troubled Israel, of wanting the physical space without the people on it.

The Two State Solution Died Over A Decade Ago

al trend had little effect on the policies of the Western governments and their allies.
Any hope of reviving something out of the original ideas that led the Palestinians to sup-port the Oslo Accords back in 1993 wilted with Ehud Olmet’s government of 2007, when it buried, for all intents and purposes, both the Oslo Accords and the two state solution.
This strategy was defined by Olmert as ‘unilateralism’. The raison d’être of this policy is that there would be no peace in the foreseeable future and therefore Israel has to decide unilaterally the fate of the West Bank. The diplomatic efforts in this century did very little to disrupt the implementation of this strategy on the ground.
From today’s vantage point, the strategy unfolds clearly on the ground. The West Bank is divided into two spaces: one Jewish, one Palestinian. The Jewish areas are more or less equivalent to Oslo’s Area C, where Israel has full control, but also parts of Area B, where the PNA (Palestine National Authority) and Israel share control. Together they form almost half of the West Bank.
Israel has not as yet annexed officially the ‘Jewish’ space; but it could do so in the future. For the time-being the ethnic identity of the space is determined by massive Jewish pres-ence in it, coupled with a creeping ethnic cleansing of the Palestinian inhabitants in those areas, or pushing them into tight enclaves within this ‘Jewish’ space. The ‘Palestinian’ space, meanwhile, is Area A, which is controlled by the PNA, where Israel reserves the right to enter at will with its secret agents, special units and, if needed, massive armed forces, whenever it deems it necessary.
For the chief policy makers among Israel’s politicians and generals this is not a tempo-rary situation, but a way of life that can be maintained for a very long time. It is comple-mented by several measures which are of the highest importance for anyone involved in the struggle against the occupation. The first is financial: the Israel government contin-ues to pump large sums of money into the colonies and a result these colonies have now become an urban sprawl, with all the modern infrastructure of a new metropolis. The money is used mainly to build within the existing colonies, but also to expand the area around them in such a way that have turned them into a fixed feature in the landscape.
The second measure is the continued de-Arabisation of the ‘Greater Jerusalem’ area – more than 250,000 Palestinians were uprooted from this area that covers almost one third of the West Bank. This is achieved by demolition of houses, political arrests and mainly by not allowing people to return to the Greater Jerusalem area if they had made the mistake of leaving it.
The third measure is the network of walls. Its most visible feature is the famous Apart-heid wall which has bisected the West Bank in a way that diminishes the territorial integ-rity for any future Palestinian state. The network also includes smaller fences and walls that enclave most of the Palestinian villages and towns in a way that does not allow any spatial development beyond the parameters in which people live now. In 2013, this is the state of Israel: one Zionist republic that stretches between the Mediterranean and the River Jordan, with an almost equal number of Palestinians and Jews in it. This demo-graphic reality does endanger so far the identity of the state as a Jewish one, or the re-gime of the masters’ democracy.
There are no political parties of any significance in Israel that offer to change this reality. There is no real Western plan to stop the solidification of this one state on the ground, let alone offer a viable alternative to it in seriousness. Factors such as the fragmentation on the Palestinian side, the disintegration of the Arab nation states around Israel and a continued unconditional American support to Israel, all act as a buffer that cushions the Israeli Jewish public from any potential threats to their new enlarged, racist, but econom-ically viable state.
The moral validity of this new geo-political enlarged state of Israel has been eroded sig-nificantly since the successful Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) campaign by Palestinian civil society began few years ago. Israel’s own actions have contributed to the state’s further de-legitimisation in the eyes of the civil societies around the world.

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Together they form almost half of the West Bank.

The Two State Solution Died Over A Decade Ago

The past struggle in the West against South Africa’s apartheid regime shows that inten-tional rejection of a regime’s legitimacy is a bottom up process, and this may still happen to the new, enlarged state of Israel. The role of Palestine’s friends world-wide has there-fore not changed and this is to continue with the same commitment and vigour to pres-sure their governments to sanction this new regime for its criminal policies.
The strategy for the people inside has also not changed much. The sooner they realise that they cannot struggle any more for an independent Palestine inside the ‘Palestinian space’, the better. They could instead concentrate on uniting the Palestinian front and strategising a struggle plan, together with progressive Israelis, for a regime change in this new one state that was established in 2001. There is an urgent need for a new strategy to reformulate the relationship between Jews and Palestinians in the land of Israel and Pal-estine.
The only reasonable regime for this seems to be one democratic state for all. If this is not going to happen, the storm on Israel’s borders will gather with even bigger force than hitherto. Everywhere in the Arab world, people and movements are seeking ways of changing regimes and oppressive political realities – surely this will also reach the new enlarged Israel; if not today, then tomorrow. The Israelis may occupy the best deck on the Titanic, but the ship is nonetheless sinking.
Ilan Pappe is an Israeli historian and the director of the University of Exeter’s European Centre for Palestine Studies

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Your house is in a refugee camp, surrounded by fine red-roofed homes built by and for strangers who seized your territory without warning or permission.

The Two State Solution Died Over A Decade Ago

Palestine

The system in place

Imagine being confined to a small sliver of land, in plain view of a wid-er homeland that you cannot touch. Your house is in a refugee camp, surrounded by fine red-roofed homes built by and for strangers who seized your territory without warning or permission.
The strangers, perched on hills that make it possible for them to spy into your home, are protected by one of the world’s most powerful armies, with its tanks, rockets and helicopter gunships supplied by the top military power on earth. The soldiers tightly restrict your movements through your own territory.
They subject your family to random searches at military posts along the road, where you are forced to submit your documents and sometimes to strip down to your underwear. At night, without warning, the army may enter your home and take your teen-aged children. In fact, they often do.
Once you finally find out where they are, they may or may not face any charges. If they are not charged, the military courts can hold them there indefinitely. If they are, the chances they will be found innocent are 1 in 400.
Imagine that you lived in such place, in a land you had long dreamt would be your own sovereign country, but which is now cut up into tiny enclaves that keep you thus con-fined. What would you do?
If you chose to resist, how would you do so?
Oday’s protest songs
Oday Khatib fought back by singing. Unlike many of the boys and young men in Al-Fawwar, the Palestinian refugee camp near Hebron, who fought occupation by throwing stones at Israeli soldiers, Oday, the internationally-recognised singer of the acclaimed Ramallah-based Al Kamandjati music school, has long found his resistance in Palestinian

protest songs.
«He is not interested in throwing stones or getting involved in this,» Oday’s father, Jihad, said in an interview with my colleague Anan Abu-Shanab. Oday’s brothers have long hurled stones, but «since he was nine years old he was interested only in music».
Nevertheless, Oday was arrested on March 19 under questionable circumstances at Al-Fawwar refugee camp.
His family says Oday was standing on hill, waiting to meet a friend. Nearby, his father said, children were throwing stones, «and when the soldiers chased the kids, it did not come to his mind that the soldiers would go for him. Otherwise he would have run away».
The Israeli military spokesman asserts that Oday was arrested «after security forces iden-tified him engaged in rock throwing during the course of a violent riot». («Violent riot» is a curious description for a clash between well-armed soldiers wearing chest protectors, helmets and face shields, who fire live ammunition at stone-throwers.)
Oday is charged under Section 212 of Military Order 1651, which states that anyone convicted of throwing stones «[a]t a person or property, with the intent to harm the per-son or property shall be sentenced to ten years imprisonment». In other words, the law is so sweeping that if you throw a rock at a road sign, you could go to prison for a decade. Oday’s trial is scheduled for Monday, April 8.
Oday’s incarceration, along with the recent death of a Palestinian prisoner and two young protesters, sheds new light on a draconian system of arrests and imprisonment by Israeli occupying forces in the West Bank. Oday is only one of thousands of incarcerated Palestinians.
According to B’tselem, the respected Israeli human rights group, as of February, 4,713 Palestinians were held in Israeli prisons, including 169 under «administrative detention», which allows Israel to arrest and detain Palestinians indefinitely without charge. The 10-year sentence for throwing stones can apply to youth as young as 14, according to a report by UNICEF.
Oday’s family history gives him reason to vent his anger. In 2002, his brother Rasmi was shot in the shoulder by an Israeli soldier. Despite multiple surgeries in Europe and the Arab world, he still cannot use his left arm.
Yet throwing stones, much less taking part in a «violent riot», is completely out of keep-ing with Oday’s history and character, according to dozens of testimonials, both from his family and from friends and colleagues around the world.
Musicians from the US, the UK, Italy and France suggest that Oday, a recording artist whose musical tours have taken him to France, Belgium, Lebanon, Norway, Italy, Pales-tine, Dubai, Algeria and Austria, is, as his father said, simply not one to throw stones.
«He is a very lovely and peaceful boy only interested in one thing: singing,» wrote Sarah Roger, who came from France to Ramallah to volunteer with Al Kamandjati. «His only aim is to spread love and make people happy thanks to his beautiful voice.»
Added Nicolas Dobson, a British percussionist who taught at Al Kamandjati for two years: «He is probably the least likely person I know to be involved in any kind of vio-lence.»
Yet beyond whether or not Oday and thousands of other Palestinian youth are «guilty» of throwing stones is a more fundamental question: what constitutes legitimate Palestini-an resistance to a 47-year military occupation?
Throwing stone and intifada
Al-Fawwar, like most Palestinian villages and towns, sits on land surrounded by Israeli settlements. The camp is in the midst of Area C, under full Israeli military control, which takes up 60 percent of the West Bank. One of the central purposes of Israel’s occupation army is to protect the settlers, whose illegal occupation, under international law, remains a towering obstacle to a just settlement between Israel and the Palestinians.
For generations of Palestinian youth, throwing stones has formed the core of their ef-forts at expelling the occupying army. Stone-throwing was at the heart of the first Pales-

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Oday is only one of thousands of incarcerated Palestinians.

tinian intifada, which forced Israeli leaders to the negotiating table. (The Oslo agreement they forged with Palestinian negotiators proved to be disastrous; nevertheless, there was a palpable sense during the first intifada that the stone would lead to Palestinian libera-tion.)
I have spoken with several American officials in recent days regarding Oday’s arrest. The Americans have provided funds to Al Kamandjati to help support its past summer music camps, where Oday was featured prominently. Thus, I thought they would take an inter-est in Oday’s case.
My inquiry – into whether the American government would at least inquire about Oday’s incarceration – was met with virtual silence. «I just don’t have anything for you on that,» US Embassy spokesman Geoff Anisman told me four or five times from Tel Aviv.
Another American official in the region was only slightly more forthcoming: «There’s a system in place,» the official said, referring to Israel’s system of arrest and incarceration.
Yes, there is a system in place: a military court system in which there is virtually no chance of being found innocent. The sentence for throwing a stone – against a helmeted soldier often wearing a face shield – can be up to 10 years, according to Israeli Military Order 1651. Moreover, many of the incarcerated are children – 7,000 in the last 10 years, according to a UNICEF report, which states:
«The common experience of many children is being aggressively awakened in the middle of the night by many armed soldiers and being forcibly brought to an interrogation cen-tre tied and blindfolded, sleep deprived and in a state of extreme fear. Few children are informed of their right to legal counsel.»
For children and adults alike, the question ultimately should not be whether Oday Khat-ib or anyone else threw a stone; the problem is the «system in place» that metes out ex-treme punishment, and the larger system of incarceration that has netted nearly 40 per-cent of all adult male Palestinians.
With thousands of other Palestinians behind bars, Oday’s case is therefore no more or less unfair than thousands of others; it simply sheds new light on the system.
Oday’s family has expressed hope that several of the soldiers who chased the youth on March 19 will be willing to testify that Oday was not among the stone-throwers. Not likely: the conviction rate for such alleged offences in military trials, in 2010, was 99.74 percent.
On Monday, Oday is scheduled to walk into the courtroom of an occupying military power and hear the charges against him. His old teacher – one of dozens who have been lighting up social media sites in the wake of Oday’s arrest – hopes he will sing.
«I imagine the only way he is surviving prison is by singing,» writes Julia Katarina, the British mezzo-soprano who put her opera career on hold for three years to teach voice lessons at Al Kamandjati. «I hope he sings in the military court,» Julia writes, because if Oday’s accusers can find «an ounce of humanity in their hearts, they will release him.»
Sandy Tolan is author of The Lemon Tree: An Arab, a Jew, and the Heart of the Middle East, and associate professor at the Annenberg School for Communica-tion and Journalism. He blogs here.
Anan Abu-Shanab contributed reporting to this article.
The views expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect Al Jazeera’s editorial policy.
Source: Al Jazeera

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